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Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts


The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts presents a complete Hebrew transcription and English translation of the Biblical texts in the Dead Sea Scrolls corpus, together with high-resolution images.

For the sake of comparison, the text of the Codex Leningradensis is also included in this publication. It can be found here.

Together with the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts, the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts form the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library. This library contains the entire corpus of Dead Sea Scrolls texts.

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How to use this publication?


The contents consists of

  • the Hebrew Biblical texts in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • an English translation, based not on individual fragments but on all extant fragments that form a particular Masoretic book (or part thereof); it is equally based on the Masoretic text for those parts that are missing in the Dead Sea Scrolls
  • the Hebrew text from the oldest extant manuscript of the Masorah, the Codex Leningradensis

In addition, there are

  • a general introduction to the Dead Sea Scrolls Biblical Texts, including an introduction to the translation, followed by further explanations and a bibliography
  • a large inventory of pertinent information, such as photographs and provenance, for each fragment an index of manuscripts and an index of images


The publication is divided into Dead Sea Scrolls texts, each ordered by fragment (or sometimes column). For Dead Sea Scrolls text, the following are given./p>

  • Editions. These give the Hebrew (and sometimes Aramaic)
  • Translations. These give an English translation, and the corresponding passage from the Codex Leningrad
  • Commentaries. These give, for each fragment, a photograph, if available, mostly from the collection of the then Palestine Antiquities Museum (now known as the Rockefeller Museum). The photograph allows comparison with the diplomatic edition of the Hebrew text.

In the Reader, these three versions may be placed beside each other for easy comparison. Currently a maximum of two columns can be position side by side.


Users of Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts can navigate from one text to the next (or the previous) by

  • browsing the textgroup page in the Library
  • using the search bar on the top of the textgroup page

For the names of texts as well as their unique and persisten identfifiers (the CTS URNs), the cave order is used rather than the Masoretic text order


There are two ways of searching.

  • Click the Search in the navigation bar at the top of every page in the Library and the Reader. This leads to a dedicated search page. This searches across all works.
  • In the reader, there is a search field (left panel). This searches only the work at hand.